Does Your Motorcycle Helmet Pass the Test?
Many Women On Wheels® members live by the motto “all the gear all the time”, but what do you really know about the quality of your gear and its ability to protect you?
Take your helmet for example; while it provides shelter from the elements and may even be a stylish accessory, how do you know which helmet will best protect your brain? What’s the difference between a DOT helmet and a Snell certified helmet, isn’t it just a marketing gimmick? And how often should you replace your helmet?
The ladies of Northern California WOW chapter Gold Country Riders (GCR) went in search of these answers and more. We didn’t have far to ride on a cold, wet January morning since thankfully we are privileged to have in our backyard the only Snell independent testing laboratory in North America. Thanks to GCR member Dee Dee Gray for coordinating the outing; and thanks to the knowledgeable scientists at Snell for being kind enough to open their facility on a Saturday. Not only did they give GCR members our own private tour they also, over the course of two hours, demonstrated each of the rigorous tests a helmet has to pass before it receives a coveted Snell certification, and they answered every question we could possibly ask.
First, why wear a helmet?
We learned from Snell Director of Education Hong Zhang that “the primary purpose of a helmet is to manage energy so that if you have an accident all that energy is managed by the helmet and not your brain”.
So how do you determine how well a helmet can manage energy? “Well unfortunately it isn’t easy” shares Hong. “It’s not something as a consumer you can determine by looking at the thickness of the helmet, the weight, what it’s made of, or even the price tag. The only way one can tell is through extensive testing”.
That’s where Snell comes in. The Snell Foundation prides itself on the fact that they don’t make helmets. They make motorcycle helmets safer. They do this by developing rigorous testing standards and serving as an independent testing laboratory to ensure the manufacturers meet these stringent requirements. Through a series of high tech tests, each helmet that enters the Snell lab is put through its paces. To receive the much sought-after Snell certification, a motorcycle helmet model in a specific size range must meet all the criteria in every single one of the following tests: impact protection, retention system, rotational stability, outer shell and face shield penetration and chin bar impact. My favorite test was the “buckshot test” which is meant to simulate debris that is hurled at a rider’s because of their standards, “Snell certified helmets manage energy between 40% to 110% better than a standard DOT approved helmet” shares Hong. In fact “The Snell standards are so high that many of the helmet models tested do not make the cut” says Hong. “And those that do pass continue to be tested on an ongoing basis for as long as the model is sold.”
To ensure the integrity of retests, Snell procures motorcycle helmets from online and local stores and not just from the helmet manufacturer directly. This guarantees Snell tests the same helmets you and I ultimately purchase and not just hand selected ones the manufacturer believes to be of the highest quality. According to Hong “If at some point down the road a previously certified helmet fails the battery of tests, the model has to recalled.
If you’re interested in learning more about each of the demanding tests, please check out the Snell Youtube video found at https://youtu.be/DCyFJT74wQg
So what’s the difference between a DOT helmet and a Snell certified helmet?
“DOT standards are maintained by the Department of Transportation and are the minimum standards a helmet manufacturer must adhere to” says Hong. “DOT certification is done on the honor system. The helmet’s manufacturer determines whether his helmets satisfy DOT and then claims the qualification for himself. There are no reporting requirements and the government provides very little spot checking to ensure the standard is being adhered to”. The DOT standards are substantially more lenient than the Snell standards and therefore the protective qualities of a DOT helmet are not as strong.
For more information on the differences check out https://www.smf.org/docs/articles/dot
The tour was truly fascinating and there were so many tips shared and questions addressed during the two hours it’s impossible to share them all, but here are the top eight.
- Fit: Fit is very important when it comes to your helmet. Hong shared that “Most riders wear a helmet that is too large. A helmet should fit snuggly.” For this reason Snell encourages riders to wear the helmet in the store for at least 3 to 5 minutes to ensure the helmet is comfortable and does not have pressure points. Online helmet purchases should only be made after ensuring proper fit.
- Care: Proper care will extend the life of a helmet. If you’re riding in the heat be sure to let your helmet air out after the ride. When your liner needs to be cleaned, use mild hand soap, hand wash the liner and air dry it. “It is important that you NEVER use a blow dryer or place the liner in the dryer. Extreme heat will damage the foam and cause it to break down” shares Hong. Hair products can also damage a liner. A thin helmet sock or Buff (www.buffusa.com) may help keep your liner clean longer and extend its use.
- Storage: When not in use, do not rest your helmet on your mirror, handlebars or other hard surfaces. Pressure on the inside of the helmet will cause the liner and the foam shell to breakdown, creating a weak spot in the helmet and impacting its ability to fully protect you.
- Damage: If, while wearing the helmet, the helmet comes into contact with a hard surface or you’ve been in an accident wearing the helmet, the helmet must be replaced immediately.
- Myth Buster: Contrary to urban myth, dropping a helmet does not mean the helmet needs to be replaced. The damage to the helmet actually occurs if your head is in the helmet when it collides with a hard surface since the collision compresses the foam shell.
- Replacement: The helmet liner and foam shell break down over time impacting the helmet’s ability to manage energy properly and decreasing its protective qualities. When this happens the helmet should be replaced. As a general rule a helmet should be replaced at least every 5 years.
- What types of helmets are not certified?
• While modular helmets pass the DOT standard unfortunately they do not currently provide the impact protection required to be Snell certified. Additionally, the locking mechanisms don’t stay latched during the high impact Snell tests and this failure point could result in neck injuries during an accident. For those of us that prefer this style of motorcycle helmet it’s important that we put pressure on manufactures to improve the helmet safety.
• Helmets with built in, flip down sun visors, have not been submitted by manufacturers to be tested. Manufactures are currently reducing the thickness of the foam in the brow area so that the visor fits in the helmet when the visor is in the retracted/stowed position. Unfortunately, this reduction compromises the ability for the helmet to manage energy and results in inferior protection for the rider. If you love the sun visor feature as much as I do, I encourage you to reach out to your favorite helmet manufacturer and request they improve protection these helmets offer.
• Half helmets, AKA beanie helmets do not meet the Snell standard since they do not provide coverage for all the impact areas (back of the head) and offer adequate protection.
- Is your motorcycle helmet Snell certified? To find out if your motorcycle helmet is Snell certified look under the helmet liner.
You can also consult the certification list found on the Snell website at https://www.smf.org/cert.
The Snell tour was enlightening, educational and entertaining. After spending an afternoon with these knowledgeable helmet protection experts it’s clear that the folks at Snell are extremely dedicated to our safety. Admittedly, I road home sad and nervous that my current motorcycle helmet isn’t Snell certified. But I had the strong conviction that a Snell label is the only “designer label” required for my next helmet. So the next time you visit Northern California, skip the typical tourist traps and treat yourself to a Snell tour. It will not disappoint you, in fact the knowledge you gain may just save your life.
“I have been on this tour 3 times and continue to learn something new each time. Snell Certified helmets is all I have and will ever buy, I believe it gives me my best chance in case of an accident. Without a functioning brain, why bother.” Dee Dee Gray SCMA #38359
“Love this tour. The staff is so committed to educating the riding population on the impact of a poorly selected motorcycle helmet that they opened for us and provided the tour on a Saturday. Great information and education; highly recommend folks seek them out on a trip through Sacramento.” ~ Janet Davidson SCMA #24836
“The work the Snell Memorial Foundation does to keep us riders safe is phenomenal. If your travels bring you to Sacramento take time to visit Snell, you will be impressed and enlightened on how helmets are tested.” ~ Sue Childress SCMA #38548
About Snell: Established in 1957 after the tragic death of race car driver Pete “William” Snell, the Snell Memorial Foundation has been a leader in helmet safety both in the United States and around the world. For over 50 years, the Snell Memorial Foundation, a not-for-profit organization, has been dedicated exclusively to head protection through scientific and medical research, standards development, helmet testing, and public education.